Epilepsy is a condition characterized by recurrent seizures that may include repetitive muscle jerking called convulsions. A seizure is a sudden disruption of the brain’s normal electrical activity accompanied by altered consciousness and/or other neurological and behavioral manifestations.
Most seizures are benign, but a seizure that lasts a long time can lead to status epilepticus, a life-threatening condition characterized by continuous seizures, sustained loss of consciousness, and respiratory distress.
Types of seizures
Generalized epileptic seizures occur when electrical abnormalities exist throughout the brain. A partial seizure does not involve the entire brain. A partial seizure begins in an area called an epileptic focus, but may spread to other parts of the brain and cause a generalized seizure. Some people who have epilepsy have more than one type of seizure.
Motor attacks cause parts of the body to jerk repeatedly. A motor attack usually lasts less than an hour and may last only a few minutes. Sensory seizures begin with numbness or tingling in one area. The sensation may move along one side of the body or the back before subsiding.
Visual seizures that affect the area of the brain that controls sight cause people to hallucinate. Auditory seizures affect the part of the brain that controls hearing and cause the patient to imagine hearing voices, music, and other sounds. Other types of seizures can cause confusion, upset stomach, or emotional distress.
PARTIAL SEIZURES. Simple partial seizures do not spread from the focal area where they arise. Symptoms are determined by the part of the brain affected. The patient usually remains conscious during the seizure and can later describe it in detail.
COMPLEX PARTIAL SEIZURES. A distinctive smell, taste, or other unusual sensation (aura) may signal the start of a complex partial seizure.
Complex partial seizures start as simple partial seizures, but move beyond the focal area and cause loss of consciousness. Complex partial seizures can become major motor seizures. Although a person having a complex partial seizure may not seem to be unconscious, he or she does not know what is happening and may behave inappropriately. He or she will not remember the seizure, but may seem confused or intoxicated for a few minutes after it ends.
In ayurveda epilepsy is defined as occasional unconsciousness with the vomiting of froth and abnormal body movements related to the distortion of memory, intellect, and other mental abilities. It is named as apasmara in ayurveda.
Four types of epilepsy exist: Vayu, Pitta, Kapha, and Tridosha. Sometimes external situations combine with internal doshas to cause this disease, but external events can never be the sole cause.
Epilepsy will develop quickly in five instances:
(1) when one’s mind has excess rajas and tamas;
(2) when the doshas are excessed and imbalanced;
(3) by eating unclean and unwholesome foods, eating mutually contradictory properties, eating foods contaminated by one having contagious diseases, or not eating according to one’s dosha;
(4) not living according to one’s dosha;
(5) when one is excessively debilitated.
Ayurveda Treatment For Epilepsy :
The main aim of ayurvedic treatment of this conditions is to correct the nervous system and strengthen the heart. Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri) and vacha(Acorus calamus) are the most commonly used medicinal herbs for this condition commonly used by the ayurveda physicians. The entire brahmi is used in medicine whereas only rhizome of vacha is used as medicine.
One teaspoonful of juice of brahmi or powder of vacha or both is used mixed with one teaspoonful of honey and given to the patient three times a day.
There are many prepration of brahmi and vacha that can be used for the treatment of this condition. One of the most popular preparation commonly used is brahmi ghrita. One teaspoonful of this ghee is given to the patient in empty stomach. Similarly saraswata churna can also be given to the patient in a dose of one teaspoonful two times a day.
Various panchakarma procedures like shirodhara, shirovasti, nasya are also very effective for Ayurveda Treatment For Epilepsy .
Taking of pungent things is strictly prohibited in apasmara. Cow’s ghee is extremely useful in this condition. Deep inhalation of cow’s ghee through nostrils also gives benefitial effect for this condition.
Mental strain should be avoided and the patient should be kept busy all the time. Massage of head with brahmi oil or til tail also helps in the quick relief of this condition. Similarly the practice of pranayam also helps.