Ayurveda literally meaning ‘science of life’ was originated about 5000 years ago in the Indian subcontinent and has been prevalent in this region since then. Basically there are various methods regarding the diagnosis and treatment of disease in the textbooks of ayurveda. Aim of ayurveda has been described as to cure the disease of healthy person as well as to maintain the health of the healthy person.
As described in modern medicine, the concept of vaccination is also illustrated in the books of ayurveda. It has been described as a simple way of inducing vaccination as a process of swarna bindu prashan.
The process of swarna bindu prashana was explained in the classical textbook of ayurveda in kashyap samhita by kashyap. The process was a type of immunization given to the baby at the time.
According to ayurveda,ghruta and madhu mixed in equal quantity acts as visha. This same theory is used in Swarna bindu prashana. Madhu and ghruta in equal doses is given at regular intervals. This develops resistance in the body for any type of visha. In other words it produces immunity.
The kashyap samhita explains about swarna bindu prashan as:
“AAMATHYAA MADHU SARPIBHYAM LEHAYET KANAKAM SHISHUHU
SUWARNAPRASHANAM HYETANMEDAGNI BALAVARDHANAM
AYUSHYAM MANGALAM PUNYAM VRUSHYAM VARNYAM GRAHAPAHAM
MAASAT PARAMA MEDHAVI VYADHIBHIR NA CHA GHRUSHYATE
SHADBHIR MAASAIHI SHRUTADHARAH SUVARNAPRASHANAD BHAVET”
Ka. Su. 18/ 4-5
Ingredients Of Swarna Bindu:
1. Suddha medhya ausandhi siddha ghritha(ghee fortified with medhya drugs)
2. Suddha swarna bhasma(gold bhasma)
3. Suddha madhu(honey)
IMPORTANCE Of SUDDHA MADHU:
Madhu is collection of pollen grains by bees. In day today life it is observed that pollen grains acquire a great percentage in producing allergic reactions leading to many diseases. The main reason for using madhu in Swarna bindu prashana is that when madhu is administered in low doses in childhood itself then child gradually develops resistance for allergens and it remains unaffected by allergens. Honey has some of its flower properties nourish mind, nerves, senses, immune system, ojas , external—burns, wounds, sores, eyes. It acts as a medium for the absorption of drugs. So, it has been used extensively as a anupan with drugs.
IMPORTANCE OF SHUDDHA SWARNA BHASMA
Suvarna is one of the best medhya dravya explained in ayurveda. Kashyapacharya has explained about the use of suvarna in lehana karma. Being metal suvarna(gold) cannot be administered directly into body as a medicine. So, for this the suvarna is processed through the special procedure for making suvarna bhasma which is used as a drug. This suvarna bhasma is easy for absorption and assimilation .It is also medha vardhaka ie enhances the memory. So,when it is administered in very low doses for a particular time it is known to potentiate the memory power along with immunity.
Animal Research conducted on swarna bhasma showed the use of swarna bhasma in dose of 12.5 to 50 mg/kg body on mice weight had an stimulatory effect on peritoneal macrophages, that might be helpful to fight against infection. It was believed that macrophages achieved stimulation due to presentation of the metal to cells in fine emulsified forms. Similarly, it was also found that swarna bhasma had a restorative effect and had no any toxic effect to the liver and kidney at therapeutic dose.
IMPORTANCE OF SHUDDHA MEDHYAUSHADHI SIDDHA GHRUTA
Ghruta has the unique property of acquiring the gunas of dravyas which are added to it. Medhyaushadhis like manduka parni, brahmi, guducchi , yashtimadhu, vacha etc are added to ghruta and according to the procedure it is prepared. This ghruta is useful in potentiating the mental ability.
Indication Of Swarna Prashan:
• All the Children are of age group of 1 day to 5 years.
• Children with low Immunity.
• Children with low Intellect.
• Children with low Memory Power.
• Children with learning difficulties.
• Children suffering from fever.
• Children suffering from dysentery.
• Children suffering from diarrhea.
• Children suffering from Indigestion.
Duration Of Swarna Prashan:
It should be done minimum for 6 months to 1 year.
Dose Of Suvarnaprashan:
Kashyapa clearly mentioned about dose of drugs in children. So according to this,dose is 1st month of baby age – 1 vidanga phal & then increase 1 vidanga phala matra on every month. The suvarnaprashan is done mainly on pushya nakshetra.
Effects Of Swarna Prashan
According to the Kashyap Samhita:
By swarna prashana child develops medha (mental ability), agni (digestive power), bala, aayu vardhana, it is also mangalakara, punya, vrushya, varnya, ghuha baadha nashaka. If swarna prashana is done for 1 month then child will be parama medhavi, remains unaffected by vyadhi. If done for 6 months then child will be shruta dhara ( remembers what he hears).
In short the effect of swarna prashan can be illustrated as below:
1.Immunity Enhancer/ increaseimmunity : Suvarnaprashan increases the immunity of body increase the resistance of the body against infections.
2.Enchane/Physical Development : Suvarnaprashan makes child physically strong.
3.Memory Booster : Suvarnaprashan increases develop child’s grasping power, Sharpness and recall memory.
4.Active and Intellect: Increases the intelligence of child.
5.Digestive Power : SuvarnaPRASHAN is a best appetizer and have digestive properties also.
6.Tone ups skin color: Suvarnaprashan increases attractiveness.